Attacks on Merchant Shipping: Which State Has the Right to Respond in Self-Defence?

Attacks on Merchant Shipping: Which State Has the Right to Respond in Self-Defence?

| Apr 15, 2024

Attacks on Merchant Shipping: Which State Has the Right to Respond in Self-Defence? On April 13, 2024, Iranian special forces seized the Portuguese flagged MSC Aries near the Strait of Hormuz as it sailed towards the Nhava Sheva port in India. The ship, which...
Houthi Operations in the Red Sea and LOAC?

Houthi Operations in the Red Sea and LOAC?

| Jan 8, 2024

Houthi Operations in the Red Sea and LOAC? CAPT (ret.) Pete Pedrozo has recently provided an excellent update on escalating maritime threats and operations by Houthi rebels in the Red Sea area. As he has noted, these attacks are asserted by the perpetrators as...
The U.S. Turkish Drone Shootdown Over Syria and the Jus Ad Bellum

The U.S. Turkish Drone Shootdown Over Syria and the Jus Ad Bellum

| Nov 20, 2023

The U.S. Turkish Drone Shootdown Over Syria and the Jus Ad Bellum In early October, the United States shot down an armed Turkish unmanned aerial vehicle (drone) operating over Syrian airspace with an F-16 fighter jet. The aerial engagement was unusual, if not...
Military Markings and Unmanned Aerial Vehicles

Military Markings and Unmanned Aerial Vehicles

| Jun 21, 2022

Military Markings and Unmanned Aerial Vehicles The duty to distinguish oneself from non-combatants and civilians (e.g., by wearing a uniform or distinctive emblem) is a characteristic of every domain of warfare, including the aerial environment. In naval and air...