Attacks on Merchant Shipping: Which State Has the Right to Respond in Self-Defence?

Attacks on Merchant Shipping: Which State Has the Right to Respond in Self-Defence?

| Apr 15, 2024

Attacks on Merchant Shipping: Which State Has the Right to Respond in Self-Defence? On April 13, 2024, Iranian special forces seized the Portuguese flagged MSC Aries near the Strait of Hormuz as it sailed towards the Nhava Sheva port in India. The ship, which...
Merchant Shipping as Military Objectives and Naval Economic Warfare

Merchant Shipping as Military Objectives and Naval Economic Warfare

| Aug 7, 2023

Merchant Shipping as Military Objectives and Naval Economic Warfare On July 17, 2023, within 48 hours of the suspension of the Black Sea Grain Initiative, Russia and Ukraine made pivotal declarations potentially expanding the scope of their hostilities to a hitherto...