Conflict Types

Houthi Operations in the Red Sea and LOAC?

Houthi Operations in the Red Sea and LOAC?

CAPT (ret.) Pete Pedrozo has recently provided an excellent update on escalating maritime threats and operations by Houthi rebels in the Red Sea area. As he has noted, these attacks are asserted by the perpetrators as targeted against Israeli interests and in support...

Ukraine Symposium – Are We at War?

Ukraine Symposium – Are We at War?

Last week, allegations that the United States and a number of other NATO nations are providing intelligence to Ukraine that enables attacks against Russian forces continued to surface. Broadly speaking, the reports of intelligence sharing are credible. As Chairman of...

Reflections on the Law of Occupation: Afghanistan and Iraq

Reflections on the Law of Occupation: Afghanistan and Iraq

​A recent  New York Times article discussed, in part, the occupations of Iraq and Afghanistan, raising important, yet underexplored, questions about occupations under the law of armed conflict (LOAC). The article focuses primarily on the U.S. armed forces’ transition...