Use of Force

The Rhetoric of Retaliation

The Rhetoric of Retaliation

The language we use to justify and describe legal constraints on personal conduct or grants of legal authority to our government is never totally free of bias, ambiguity, flawed premises, or unproveable assumptions. How we fix, manipulate, or comport ourselves to...

Afghanistan and Noncombatant Evacuation Operations

Afghanistan and Noncombatant Evacuation Operations

  Last month, President Biden announced the U.S. military mission in Afghanistan would officially conclude by August 31, 2021. Since the drawdown of U.S. and other international forces from Afghanistan began in May, the Taliban has made rapid gains across the...

Terminological Precision and International Cyber Law

Terminological Precision and International Cyber Law

The recent spate of hostile cyber operations by States, non-State groups affiliated with States, and non-State groups operating on their own has resulted in a cacophony of pronouncements and commentary by political leaders, pundits, journalists, and legal experts. As...

When Corporations Take Offensive Measures Against States

When Corporations Take Offensive Measures Against States

Cyberattacks are increasingly inundating the private sector, and most States are unable or unwilling to provide adequate protection against these attacks. To mitigate this challenge, numerous corporations acknowledge that they have engaged in some form of active cyber...

The Legitimate Aims of Self-Defense

The Legitimate Aims of Self-Defense

The United States' strike on Iranian-backed militias along the Syria-Iraq border on February 25 and the accompanying justifications, communications, and explanations have produced a flurry of legal discourse across the blogosphere and social media (here, here and...

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