Humanitarian Protection

Attacks and Warnings in Urban Warfare

Attacks and Warnings in Urban Warfare

The media coverage of recent armed conflicts has brought to a wider audience the existential nature of urban warfare and its humanitarian costs. For some, the era of urban warfare has arrived. From an historical perspective, however, there is nothing new about...

Collateral Damage and Innocent Bystanders in War

Collateral Damage and Innocent Bystanders in War

This post is based on the author’s article in the Stanford Journal of International Law and is posted here with the permission of SJIL. It is generally accepted in moral philosophy that it is prohibited to knowingly kill an innocent bystander even when necessary to...