Targeting

Legal Advice in Modern Aerial Warfare

Legal Advice in Modern Aerial Warfare

Military lawyers play an increasingly vital role in lethal (and non-lethal) targeting operations. Although their involvement is operationally and geographically provisional, legal advice is transforming the way that contemporary war is fought and understood. I spent...

Cognitive Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems (CLAWS)

Cognitive Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems (CLAWS)

With the debut of lethal autonomous weapons systems (LAWS) in combat, opponents of LAWS have called on States to fast-track the creation of international law that either bans the use of these weapons or mandates meaningful human control over them. If LAWS are used...

Biometrics and International Humanitarian Law

Biometrics and International Humanitarian Law

In August 2021, reporting emerged that biometric devices used by United States armed forces in Afghanistan had fallen into the hands of the Taliban. This raised immediate concerns that the devices and the data they give access to might be used by the Taliban for...

Hays Parks and U.S. Views on Targeting Law

Hays Parks and U.S. Views on Targeting Law

Three decades after its publication, Colonel W. Hays Parks’s article Air War and the Law of War remains a key resource for attorneys who advise on targeting operations. The article is noteworthy for its deep exploration of the history of the law of war as well as its...

Hays Parks and Direct Participation in Hostilities

Hays Parks and Direct Participation in Hostilities

As he did with so many subjects of the law of war, W. Hays Parks left an indelible imprint on the long fraught question of direct participation in hostilities by civilians. From early legal advice to expert consultations and seminal academic contributions, his work...

Terrain Denial Fires on the Modern Battlefield

Terrain Denial Fires on the Modern Battlefield

Stability and counterterrorism operations in Afghanistan, Iraq, and Syria have provided the primary source of operational experience for currently serving American military leaders and legal advisors. Regardless of whether U.S. forces will (or logistically can)...