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Palestine’s Quest for Full United Nations Membership

Palestine’s Quest for Full United Nations Membership

Amidst the ongoing war between Hamas and Israel in Gaza, the United States vetoed Palestine’s latest bid for full acceptance as a member State of the United Nations (UN). In the view of the United States, the only way for a stable future between Israel and Palestine...

Rules of Engagement in Large Scale Combat Operations

Rules of Engagement in Large Scale Combat Operations

As the focus of U.S. military doctrine and contingency planning shifts from counterinsurgency (COIN) campaigns toward large-scale combat operations (LSCO), Judge Advocates must anticipate changing operational law issues. In this environment, developments regarding the...

Hors De Combat: Clarifying the U.S. Law of War Manual

Hors De Combat: Clarifying the U.S. Law of War Manual

The U.S. Army Judge Advocate General’s Legal Center and School instructs on international protections for the wounded and sick, one of the many aspects of the Geneva Conventions emphasized to both seasoned and new military lawyers. One focus of instruction is to...

Joining in Wars

Joining in Wars

Editor’s note: This post draws on the author’s paper with Miles Jackson and Lawrence Hill-Cawthorne, “Identifying co-parties to armed conflict in international law: How states, international organizations and armed groups become parties to war” (2024) Chatham House...

Why We Fight Matters to How We Fight

Why We Fight Matters to How We Fight

We have all been taught that jus in bello (the law regarding the conduct of war) is a distinct set of rules from jus ad bellum (law regarding resort to force). It is a convenient distinction for many purposes. It is particularly convenient for military lawyers, who...

“On the Brink”: The Geneva Conventions at 75

“On the Brink”: The Geneva Conventions at 75

Editor’s note: The views expressed in this post are those of the author and not necessarily those of the ICRC, HLS PILAC, or other workshop participants. From March 12-13, 2024, Harvard Law School’s Program on International Law and Armed Conflict (PILAC), the...

Invisible Soldiers

Invisible Soldiers

Images of drone strikes, hypersonic missiles, and directed energy weapons have cultivated imagination of how war might be fought in the future. Meanwhile, on-board cameras and satellites have made modern battlefields more transparent and accessible to the public....

AWS Legal Review Series – A Functional Approach

AWS Legal Review Series – A Functional Approach

This post appears as part of a series on the legal review of autonomous weapon systems. An introductory post by Professors Rain Liivoja and Sean Watts provides an overview of the series. Autonomous weapon systems (AWS) are no longer confined to works of fiction. The...

AWS Legal Review Series – Introduction

AWS Legal Review Series – Introduction

In recent years, discussions about the legal compliance of various novel military uses of technology have shone a spotlight on something that used to be the obscure province of military lawyers: the legal reviews of new weapons, means and methods of warfare. Also...

Russian Nuclear Weapons in Space

Russian Nuclear Weapons in Space

Recent news reports indicate that U.S. authorities fear Russia “wants to put,” a nuclear weapon into space, with U.S. intelligence describing this as a “serious security threat.” The suggested possible purpose of the weapons would be to target Western satellites in...

Dear Yoram, In Memoriam

Dear Yoram, In Memoriam

Editors’ note: This post honors Professor Yoram Dinstein, who passed away on Saturday February 10, 2024. Over the coming weeks, Articles of War will feature a series of posts to recognize Professor Dinstein’s work and the significant contribution his scholarship has...

Yoram Dinstein (1936-2024)

Yoram Dinstein (1936-2024)

Editors’ note: This post honors Professor Yoram Dinstein, who passed away on Saturday February 10, 2024. Over the coming weeks, Articles of War will feature a series of posts to recognize Professor Dinstein’s work and the significant contribution his scholarship has...

Military Objectives by Location

Military Objectives by Location

Editors’ Note: This post is derived from a presentation given at the 2023 Israel Defense Forces Military Advocate General’s 4th International Conference on the Law of Armed Conflict. The rules relating to the targeting of military objectives by location are found in...

The Influence of Weaponry on the Jus ad Bellum

The Influence of Weaponry on the Jus ad Bellum

In an Articles of War post last week, Professor Terry Gill discussed his new book, The Use of Force and the International Legal System, co-authored with Dr. Kinga Tibori Szabó. It is a fascinating journey through the jus ad bellum, the law governing the use of force...

The Jus ad Bellum Aspects of the Russian War in Ukraine

The Jus ad Bellum Aspects of the Russian War in Ukraine

Editors’ Note: This post is derived from a presentation given at the 2023 Israel Defense Forces Military Advocate General’s 4th International Conference on the Law of Armed Conflict. In spite of the complex legal issues that Russia’s full-scale war in Ukraine has...

The Use of Force and the International Legal System

The Use of Force and the International Legal System

The editors of Articles of War kindly invited me to submit a short post regarding the book I co-authored with Kinga Tibori Szabó on the use of force which was recently published by Cambridge University Press under the abovementioned title. I will give a brief overview...

Houthi Operations in the Red Sea and LOAC?

Houthi Operations in the Red Sea and LOAC?

CAPT (ret.) Pete Pedrozo has recently provided an excellent update on escalating maritime threats and operations by Houthi rebels in the Red Sea area. As he has noted, these attacks are asserted by the perpetrators as targeted against Israeli interests and in support...

Year Ahead – “Waging Peace” in 2024

Year Ahead – “Waging Peace” in 2024

Lieber Institute Senior Fellows Daphné Richemond-Barak and Laurie Blank’s multi-year End of War Project (see here, here, and here) explores a range of legal, strategic, moral and operational questions at the end of war, including the continuing phenomena of wars...

Year in Review – 2023

Year in Review – 2023

2023 has witnessed not only a continuation of ongoing conflicts, including those in Ukraine and Nagorno-Karabakh, but also the emergence of new hostilities. A notable addition to the global security landscape was the renewed armed conflict between Israel and Hamas....

The Korean Space Race

The Korean Space Race

At the end of 2023, we enter a new phase of competition and proxy war on the Korean Peninsula in what could be dubbed the Korean Space Race. Kim Jong-un, the mercurial North Korean leader, has long prioritized placing military spy satellites over the Korean Peninsula....

Pessimism Does Not Help Fragile States

Pessimism Does Not Help Fragile States

“An uncomfortable reality” is the title and conclusion of a recently published report that evaluates Dutch national participation in international peace and security missions. The report highlights the successes of the Dutch civilian, police, and troop contributions...

Securing the Maritime Domain in the Red Sea

Securing the Maritime Domain in the Red Sea

Since the brutal Hamas-led massacre of over 1,300 innocent Israeli citizens on October 7, 2023, Houthi rebels based in Yemen have increased their attacks on Israeli and U.S. ships in the Red Sea. A statement issued by the Iranian-backed rebels indicated that they...