Occupation

Occupation Resistance, War-Rebels, and the Lieber Code

Occupation Resistance, War-Rebels, and the Lieber Code

The origin of the codified law of belligerent occupation is often traced to the Hague Regulations of 1899 (updated in 1907). However, the Lieber Code of 1863 laid important and underappreciated legal groundwork for the Hague treaties’ occupation provisions. In it,...