The Israeli Unlawful Combatants Law Turns Twenty

The Israeli Unlawful Combatants Law Turns Twenty

The Israeli Unlawful Combatants Law Turns Twenty Twenty years ago, in 2002, Israel enacted the Law on Incarceration of Unlawful Combatants (UCL or “the Law”). The UCL aimed to provide a basis in domestic legislation, in conformity with international law, for...
Military Markings and Unmanned Aerial Vehicles

Military Markings and Unmanned Aerial Vehicles

Military Markings and Unmanned Aerial Vehicles The duty to distinguish oneself from non-combatants and civilians (e.g., by wearing a uniform or distinctive emblem) is a characteristic of every domain of warfare, including the aerial environment. In naval and air...
Prisoners of War in Occupied Territory

Prisoners of War in Occupied Territory

Prisoners of War in Occupied Territory It seems increasingly likely that the international armed conflict raging in Ukraine will devolve into a partial Russian occupation of large portions of Ukrainian territory. President Putin may very well declare annexation—or...
Embracing LOAC Pluralism

Embracing LOAC Pluralism

Embracing LOAC Pluralism ​Although the prospect of war remains, the end of two decades of active hostilities affords the United States and its partners the breathing room to rethink their approaches to developing and interpreting the law of armed conflict (LOAC). In...
Occupation Resistance, War-Rebels, and the Lieber Code

Occupation Resistance, War-Rebels, and the Lieber Code

Occupation Resistance, War-Rebels, and the Lieber Code The origin of the codified law of belligerent occupation is often traced to the Hague Regulations of 1899 (updated in 1907). However, the Lieber Code of 1863 laid important and underappreciated legal groundwork...